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Dr. Neal Pinckney is a graduate of the University of Southern California and Oxford University, where he received his Ph.D. in clinical and educational psychology. He has done post-doctoral work at Stanford University and the University of Vienna. He is professor emeritus and former chair of Behavioral Sciences at California State University, Sacramento and has taught at the University of California, Davis Medical School. He held a private practice in family and individual therapy and psychoanalysis for almost 30 years. He was psychologist and in-service trainer for the California Highway Patrol for 13 years. He is founder and director of the Healing Heart Foundation. Information about the Healing Heart Foundation can be found at http:// www.kumu.org
Okonomiyaki -- The Japanese Comfort Food Crepe
By Neal Pinckney
If you haven't lived in Japan you've probably never heard of okonomiyaki (oh-ko-no-me-yaki). But in Japan it's as common as hamburgers are in America, available in almost every neighborhood. In Hiroshima there are 27 different okonomiyaki restaurants in just one building.
Although there are regional differences, the basic okonomiyaki is the same everywhere. A crepe of flour and water, shredded cabbage, noodles, bean sprouts, a savory sauce and spices. Most commonly, it also has meat (pork slices are typical) and an egg, but in all the places I've had it all over Japan, I was able to request a vegan version which, when sampled by my omnivore friends, was voted every bit as delicious as theirs.
One thing that makes okonomiyaki unique is that the counter top in front of you is a griddle. The crepe is cooked and then slid over to you with a steel spatula and eaten from the warm griddle counter-top or, to add a fancy touch, on a plate. This makes the restaurant warm and cozy on the coldest day. And in summer, arctic air conditioning keeps the place comfortably cool.
The brown sauce on top (okonomiyaki sauce) is available in many Asian groceries that offer a variety of Japanese foods. It's a slightly sweet savory sauce made from soy and a variety of fruits and spices, a little like Chinese hoisin sauce. Green onions and a sprinkle of powdered seaweed are usually on top.
Here's how to make vegan okonomiyaki at home.
Yield: 2 main-course meal crepes
Step-by-step instructions for making your own vegan okonomiyaki:
1 cup (240 ml) flour (whole wheat preferred)
2 tablespoons mirin (Japanese cooking sake) - optional
1 small or 1/2 large head cabbage, shredded
2 cups bean sprouts
1/2 cup (120 ml) green onions, finely sliced
2 tablespoons roughly crushed peanuts (optional - raises fat percentage)
1/2 cup (120 ml) corn kernels, fresh, frozen or canned - (optional)
1 cup (240 ml) okonomiyaki sauce
2 cups (480 ml) cooked noodles (soba, udon, ramen or whole wheat spaghetti)
1 tablespoon powdered or flaked dulse (or any seaweed combination that substitutes for bonita [fish] powder)
Okonomiyaki is typically consumed with hot green tea, cold beer, soft drinks, or ice water.
- Mix flour with 1 1/2 cups (360 ml) water (add mirin if used) and on a warm (but not-yet-hot) non-stick griddle or frying pan, spread a thin layer to make a 10-inch (25 cm) circle. Keep heat on medium-low.
- Layer half the cabbage and half the bean sprouts on each crepe. Put about 1/4 of the green onions and 1 tablespoon peanuts (if used) on each.
- At this point you can, optionally, add corn, strips of tempeh, seitan or veggie "meat" slices. Pour a little more of the flour mixture on top to bind the cabbage and sprouts. Sprinkle a little of the okonomiyaki sauce all over the top.
- When the bottom just starts to slightly brown, using two spatulas, flip the crepe over and increase the heat. Push down firmly on the top with the spatulas, allowing the ingredients to cook.
- On the griddle or on another non-stick pan, divide the noodles into two 9-inch (23 cm) round piles, add a little okonomiyaki sauce and then scoop up the entire crepe and slide it on top of the noodles.
- This step is used to put the crepe on top of a cooked egg, but many okonimiyaki houses offer a slice of mochi (solidified rice) or a thin slice of eggplant or other bland vegetable for a vegetarian alternative. The okonomiyaki should be lifted and laid on those ingredients, if they're used.
- Flip the entire pie again, add the remaining green onions and the seaweed powder, and then spread the remainder of the okonomiyaki sauce on top.
- Now the cook slides the finished okonomiyaki to the cooler part of the grill in front of the customer. Either the cook or the recipient uses a small spatula to cut it into bite-sized pieces. (Since cutting on a non-stick surface might damage it, slide the okonomiyaki onto a plate first).
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